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2016年受験・大学入試英語・同意語句選択問題

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2016年受験・大学入試英語・同意語句選択問題
【教材名】2016 年受験・大学入試英語・同意語句選択問題 【教材番号】209 【編著者】村上純一郎
【発行所】英語教材 100 円ショップ
【販売店】http://honyeah.jp/209.html
目
次
1.単語 名詞
1
2.単語 動詞
3
3.単語 形容詞
6
4.単語 副詞・その他
8
5.熟語 前置詞+名詞
9
6.熟語 前置詞+名詞+前置詞
10
7.熟語 自動詞+前置詞
11
8.熟語 自動詞+副詞
13
9.熟語 自動詞+副詞+前置詞
14
10.熟語 他動詞+副詞
15
11.熟語 動詞のその他の熟語
16
12.熟語 be[自]動詞+形容詞・過去分詞+前置詞
17
13.熟語 準動詞の熟語
18
14.熟語 その他の熟語
19
解 答・全 訳
20
1 .単語
1.
Ms. White was a strong advocate of human rights.
① critic
2.
6.
③ actor
④ singer
<東海大>
② true
③ told
④ simple
② increases
③ extensions
④ battles
② familiar with each other
③ hostile to each other
④ living at the same time
<上智大>
<亜細亜大>
<玉川大>
There was a discussion that lasted for nine hours about wage increases.
② tendency
③ conclusion
④ debate
<東海大>
④ witness
<阪南大>
④ specialists
<阪南大>
We haven’t found any evidence to hold him responsible.
② proof
③ explanation
The documents were thoroughly analyzed by the experts.
① amateurs
9.
② writer
① equally famous
① sample
8.
<長崎大>
Weren’t those two writers contemporaries?
① situation
7.
④ promoter
We must recognize the eternal conflicts between right and wrong.
① patients
5.
③ fighter
Biographies now regularly make the bestseller lists, but that has not always been the case.
① understand
4.
② observer
The author wrote a wonderful movie review.
① director
3.
1
名詞
② authors
③ veterans
Certain forecasts were found to be wrong.
① people who tell lies
② explanations by scientists
③ statements about what is expected to happen in the future
④ remarks by astronauts
<関西外国語大>
10. I could discover that the hunter was trying to play a game of artful deception.
① amusement
② business
③ wild animal
④ scheme
③ profit
④ employment
<上智大>
11. Earn 2% interest on checking accounts!
① result
② cancel
<亜細亜大>
12. After talking over the problem with various friends, Moe realized her perspective had changed.
① decision
② preference
③ recognition
④ viewpoint <東洋英和女学院大>
2 .単語
1.
Stephen found it difficult to acknowledge his mistakes.
① admit
2.
② adjust
③ cease
④ correct
<東洋英和女学院大>
To address this problem, we had a meeting.
① discover
3.
3
動詞
② allow
③ tackle
④ make
<東海大>
Please note that all students receiving this scholarship assume responsibility for all program
fees.
① thrust
4.
② stand
③ resent
④ support
<上智大>
② built
③ sold
④ repaired
<東海大>
② reported
③ excited
④ insisted
<中央大>
The pupil of the eye instinctively contracts when confronted by a sudden increase of light.
① balances
8.
<上智大>
The young woman contended that the minister’s thinking was wrong on some important points.
① predicted
7.
④ handle
The ship was constructed in Portsmouth, UK.
① bought
6.
③ accept
They will have to bear the misery of living in constant fear of war.
① carry
5.
② deduce
② discharges
③ expands
④ shrinks
⑤ twinkles
<北里大>
Such studies have helped to convince Katie and others that reduced sleep causes weight
problems, not the reverse.
① remind
9.
② persuade
③ notify
④ admonish
<上智大>
Although the UK did not change its currency, many European countries did.
① distance
② weight
③ money
④ time
<東海大>
10. The TV news report discloses that human error was to blame for the ship accident.
① reveals
② conceives
③ expects
④ hides
<中央大>
11. This supermarket was a small family business that evolved into a national chain.
① restored
② transferred
③ developed
④ adopted
<東海大>
④ refused
<東海大>
12. The researcher illustrated his theory with a lot of examples.
① changed
② criticized
③ explained
3 .単 語
1.
The data provide compelling evidence that the climate is changing.
① unreliable
2.
② conflicting
② perfect
② essential
② respectable
② immense
④ best
<上智大>
③ precise
④ strict
<長崎大>
③ suspicious
④ tragic
⑤ vulgar
<北里大>
③ imperfect
④ indoor
<東海大>
He took his wife out for a fabulous dinner, but they were disappointed with the service.
① wonderful
7.
③ equipped
There is an enormous shopping mall in this city.
① insignificant
6.
<中央大>
Every decent man has a number of secrets which he is afraid to tell even to his friends.
① proud
5.
④ abundant
The central computer can organize all of your business’s critical financial data.
① emergent
4.
③ convincing
Along the mountain paths, there are shelters and lookout points complete with benches.
① finished
3.
6
形容詞
② decent
③ expensive
④ formal
<清泉女子大>
Instead of using modern medicine immediately, Stephen Jobs first tried folk remedies when he
discovered that he had cancer.
① commercial
8.
② artificial
④ traditional
<秋田県立大>
There is a fundamental difference between being alone and feeling lonely.
① an amazing
9.
③ fake
② a basic
③ an emotional
④ a mysterious <東洋英和女学院大>
This special offer is good until August 31st at our new branch only.
① valid
② beneficial
③ healthy
④ skillful
<長崎大>
10. Most of today’s consumers buy their food from big supermarkets. Therefore, it is inevitable to
assume that most consumers are separated from the process of food production.
① local
② logical
③ illegal
④ illness
<秋田県立大>
11. Although intermittent showers are forecast for tomorrow, we are going to hold the sports
festival as scheduled.
① all-day
② occasional
③ heavy
④ instantaneous
⑤ slight
<北里大>
12. Dave soon discovered that his original plan was not a good one.
① careless
② initial
③ practical
④ significant <東洋英和女学院大>
4.単語
1.
Altogether there are more than 25,000 TV stations in the world.
① Approximately
2.
8
副詞・その他
② Consequently
③ In total
④ Assuredly
<長崎大>
They are going to build a new museum in the center of our city. The site is approximately
10,000 square meters.
① exactly
3.
② In truth
② fell
② Virtually
<関西外国語大>
③ shouted
④ wept
<日本大>
③ Surprisingly
④ Interestingly <関西外国語大>
③ proportionately
④ unfortunately
⑤ vainly <北里大>
② As soon as
③ Long after
④ Since
<関西外国語大>
④ if
<関西外国語大>
She can stay here with us providing she works.
① as
9.
④ By the way
Directly he had said it, Jackson realized his mistake.
① By the time
8.
③ At last
Every effort was made to reduce the budget substantially.
① considerably ② insignificantly
7.
<秋田県立大>
Practically nobody admits their own errors.
① Clearly
6.
④ undeniably
On receipt of the message the clerk was off like a shot.
① departed
5.
③ roughly
Incidentally, what does “UNESCO” stand for?
① Of course
4.
② definitely
② because
③ though
The opening ceremony of the Olympics was transmitted via satellite to 2 billion viewers.
① with
② by
③ to
④ around
<長崎大>
5.熟語
1.
Don’t mention this to anyone, above all my father.
① besides
2.
9.
③ In addition
④ In general
③ perplexed at
④ memorizing
<亜細亜大>
④ readily
<国士舘大>
<中部大>
② finished to
② willingly
③ alternately
② from the beginning
③ often
④ quite soon
<日本大>
② Occasionally
③ Rarely
④ Frequently
<清泉女子大>
You should have booked the hotel at least a week in advance.
① afterwards
8.
② As a result
From time to time I have to clean out my closet because I tend to pack too many things in there.
① Generally
7.
<関西外国語大>
You should consider whether it would be good to plan your trip from scratch or not.
① from behind
6.
④ particularly
The witnesses testified against the accused by turns.
① voluntarily
5.
③ of course
I was at a loss what to say.
① surprised at
4.
② except
The same problem happened three times. Consequently, we had to suspend the plan.
① As a rule
3.
9
前置詞+名詞
② beforehand
③ later
④ subsequently
<玉川大>
I left my cell phone on in case my mother called.
① as my mother called
② because it was possible that my mother would call
③ unless my mother called
④ instead of my mother’s calling
<関西外国語大>
All the doctor’s efforts were useless, and the old man didn’t recover.
① in vain
② in case
③ on hand
④ out of date
<亜細亜大>
④ beautifully
<亜細亜大>
10. How can you step on the flowers on purpose?
① intentionally
② instantly
③ greatly
11. The teacher said it was out of the question to put off the exam since most of the students
arrived on time.
① reasonable
② unnecessary
③ impossible
④ useless
<清泉女子大>
12. It was simply out of the question for me to get back to work.
① questionable
② likely
③ answerable
④ impossible
<阪南大>
6 .熟 語
1.
I would like to talk to the teacher in charge of the speech contest.
① concerned with
2.
④ to pay for
<日本大>
② except for
④ because of
<名城大>
③ in spite of
④ in place of
<国士舘大>
③ aloof with
④ neutral to
③ instead of
② in favor of
They remained on good terms with us.
① friendly with
5.
③ responsible for
She went to his home on behalf of her mother.
① in honor of
4.
② participating in
The public library was closed on account of budget cuts.
① but for
3.
10
前置詞+名詞+前置詞
② hostile to
<関西外国語大>
With regard to your forthcoming visit, I will be meeting you at the airport.
① Concerning
② What about
③ Making
④ What if
<亜細亜大>
7 .熟 語
1.
The house was surrounded by beautiful forests abounding in mushrooms and berries.
① feeding on
2.
③ full of
④ in need of
⑤ short of
<北里大>
② explain
③ withdraw
④ delay
③ found
④ left
<亜細亜大>
I came across some old maps in the attic.
① bought
4.
② harmed by
The teacher asked Jack to account for his absence from school.
① hire
3.
11
自動詞+前置詞
② kept
<名城大>
The owner of a seafood restaurant in my town says in his blog that he always complies with the
food laws. I just hope his restaurant doesn’t replace expensive food items with cheaper ones.
① breaks
5.
② focus
③ remain
④ reflect
<清泉女子大>
② feel sympathy for ③ feel scared by
④ feel upset with
<東京経済大>
② reach
③ remember
④ see
<日本大>
Jim wasn’t sure if he should apply for the job, but his best friend told him to go for it.
① quit
9.
<秋田県立大>
She placed the medicine on a high shelf, where the children could not get at it.
① memorize
8.
④ violates
I don’t know why some people feel for violent killers in prison.
① feel shame for
7.
③ observes
Some people are able to concentrate on reading, no matter what is going on around them.
① keep
6.
② objects to
② try
③ rest
④ leave
<関東学院大>
I think my parents went through hard times when they were younger.
① avoided
② enjoyed
③ experienced
④ declared
<玉川大>
10. David’s parents were very busy, so his grandparents looked after him.
① got in touch with ② played with
③ took advantage of
④ took care of
<中部大>
11. My mother loves to go shopping in this neighborhood because she often runs across bargains.
① buys
② finds
③ misses
④ surprises
<関東学院大>
12. If you bring some food for the party, I’ll see to the wine.
① arrange
② drink
③ make
④ watch
<日本大>
④ was informed
<玉川大>
13. I saw to it that the work was finished on time.
① could prove
② found
③ made sure
解答・全訳
1.単語 名詞
1.
④ ホワイトさんは人権の強い擁護者だった。
2.
② その著者は素晴らしい映画批評記事を書いた。
3.
② 伝記は今では定期的にベストセラー級になるが,それは常にそうだったわけではない。
4.
④ 我々は善悪の永遠の対立を認めなければならない。
5.
④ その 2 人の作家は同時代の人ではなかったのですか。
6.
④ 賃上げに関して 9 時間続く議論があった。
7.
② 彼に責任を負わせるための証拠は何も見つかっていない。
8.
④ それらの文書は専門家達によって徹底的に分析された。
9.
③ いくつかの予測は間違っていると分かった。
20
10. ④ 私はその猟師が巧妙な詐欺の企みをしようとしているのに気づいた。
11. ③ 当座預金口座で2%の利子をもらいましょう。
12. ④ その問題について様々な友人と話し合った後,モウは自分の考え方が変わったことに気づいた。
13. ② スミス氏は最近アラスカに大きな工場を設立した。
14. ④ 母は花を形と香りによって特定できる。
15. ③ それは場合によっては意味がある。
16. ① あのコンピュータ作業は彼女の技能水準を超えていた。
17. ② いくつかの学術機関は 1970 年代に郊外へ移転した。
2.単語
動詞
1.
① スティーブンは自分の誤りを認めるのは難しいと分かった。
2.
③ この問題に対処するために,我々は会議を開いた。
3.
③ この奨学金を受けている生徒全員が,教科課程の授業料全てに対して責任を負うことに注意し
てください。
4.
② 彼等は常に戦争を恐れて暮らすという悲惨な状態に耐えなければならないだろう。
5.
② その船は英国のポーツマスで建造された。
6.
④ その若い女性は大臣の考え方がいくつかの重要な点で間違っていると主張した。
7.
④ 光の急増に直面すると,目の瞳孔は本能的に収縮する。
8.
② そのような研究はケイティや他の人々に,睡眠不足が体重の問題を引き起こすのであって,そ
の逆ではないと納得させるのに役立っている。
9.
③ 英国は通貨を変更しなかったけれども,多くのヨーロッパ諸国は変更した。
10. ① テレビのニュース報道は,人為的ミスがその船の事故の原因だったと発表している。
11. ③ このスーパーマーケットは,全国チェーンに発展した家族経営の小さな店だった。
12. ③ その研究者は多くの例を用いて自分の理論を説明した。
13. ② カナダの住民の約 3 分の 1 はオンタリオ州に住んでいる。
14. ④ 勤めていた会社の上の階のアパートの一室を借りられるとは運がよかった。
15. ① コンピュータは,データを保存したり操作したりするのに用いられる装置または機械である。
16. ② 以前に言ったように,次の金曜日にはテストがあります。
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