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政治的目標

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政治的目標
第9回日仏建築住宅会議・第22回日仏建築会議 合同会議
2012年12月12日
➨9ᅇ᪥௖఍㆟
ᘓタ䛻䛚䛡䜛ᮌᮦ฼⏝䛻䛛䛛䜟䜛
つไ䞉ᇶ‽䛾ไ㝈䛾᧔ᗫ
2012ᖺ12᭶12᪥
Yves DUCLERE
䝟䞊䝖䝘䞊䝅䝑䝥䞉ᆅᇦ䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁஦ົᡤ㛗
Ministry for Territorial Equality and Housing
Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
ᨻ἞ⓗ┠ᶆ
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⎔ቃ㠃䛾฼Ⅼ䜢ᙉㄪ䛩䜛䛣䛸䛻䜘䜚ᘓタ䛻䛚䛡䜛ᮌᮦ䛾฼⏝䜢ᣑ኱䛩䜛
䜾䝹䝛䝹 1 (➨34᮲䚸
᮲ 4᮲)䛚䜘䜃 䜾䝹䝛䝹 2 (➨12᮲䚸
᮲ 116᮲)ἲ
9
9
Ẽೃኚື䛻ᑐฎ䛩䜛
෌⏕ྍ⬟䛺㈨※䛛䜙䛾㈨ᮦಁ㐍
Ÿ
㐺ษ䛻㐺ᛂ䛧䛯ᘓ⠏ᇶ‽ἲ䚸ᘓ⠏≀䛻ᮌᮦ䜢ᑟධ䛩䜛᭱ప㔞䚸䝷䝧䝹䛾ไᐃ䚸෌⏕ྍ⬟㈨※䛛
䜙䛾㈨ᮦ䜎䛯䛿 ᐊຠᯝ䜺䝇䛾᤼ฟ䜢ᢚ䛘䜛㈨※䛛䜙䛾㈨ᮦ䛾฼⏝䛻཯ᑐ䛧䛺䛔䛣䛸䚸ᣢ⥆ྍ
⬟䛺᳃ᯘ⟶⌮䛻䜶䝁ㄆド䜢つᐃ䛩䜛
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䝣䝷䞁䝇䛾ᮌ〇〇ရ䛾㈠᫆㉥Ꮠ䜢᫝ṇ䛩䜛
䝣䝷䞁䝇ඹ࿴ᅜ኱⤫㡿䝇䝢䞊䝏䠄2009ᖺ5᭶䠅
9
9
䝣䝷䞁䝇䛾ᮌᮦ䛾฼⏝䜢ᣑ኱䛧䚸ᙜヱ㒊㛛䜢ᕤᴗ໬䛩䜛
ὀグ䠖ᮌ㐀ᘓ⠏⎔ቃ䜢⥙⨶䛧䛯ᯟ⤌䜏ྜព
ὀグ
ᮌ㐀ᘓ⠏⎔ቃ䜢⥙⨶䛧䛯ᯟ⤌䜏ྜព
(2001ᖺ), 㤳┦ᅇぴ2005ᖺ䛚䜘䜃2008ᖺ
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
2
2012年12月12日
ᘓ⠏≀䛻䛚䛡䜛ᮌᮦ䛻㛵䛩䜛つไ
9
9
9
9
ᖹᆒ䛧䛶ᘓ⠏䛾᭱పᮌᮦྵ᭷䜢10ಸ䛻䛩䜛
9
9
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9
ᵝ䚻䛺✀㢮䛾ᘓ⠏≀䛻᭱ప㝈䛾㜈್
せ௳䜢ẁ㝵ⓗ䛻ᑟධ䛩䜛
䛂ᣢ⥆ⓗ䛻⟶⌮䛥䜜䜛᳃ᯘ䛛䜙䛾ᮌᮦ䛃ᇶ‽䜢ษ䜚㞳䛩
2010ᖺ3᭶15᪥௜࿨௧䚸2010ᖺ9᭶13᪥䛾ἲᚊ
ᒇእ䛛䜙䛾᩿⇕䜢ᐜ᫆䛻䛩䜛
9
2009ᖺ10᭶16᪥௜SHOB௧
ᣢ⥆ⓗ䛻⟶⌮䛥䜜䜛᳃ᯘ䛛䜙䛾ᮌᮦ䛾฼⏝
9
2010ᖺ⌧ᅾ䚸䛭䛾฼⏝䛿බⓗᘓ⠏䝥䝻䝆䜵䜽䝖䛻㝈ᐃ
䛂䝞䜲䜸䝡䝹䛃䝷䝧䝹
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9
9
ື᳜≀⏤᮶㈨ᮦ䛾฼⏝
㔞ⓗ䛚䜘䜃㉁ⓗ䛺㟂せ
㐍⾜୰ 䝥 䝆 䜽
㐍⾜୰䛾䝥䝻䝆䜵䜽䝖
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
3
ᮌᮦᘓ⠏䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
ᘓ⠏≀䛻ᮌᮦ䜢฼⏝䛩䜛䛣䛸䛾㞀ᐖ䜢ඞ᭹䛩䜛
9
䝽䞊䜻䞁䜾䜾䝹䞊䝥䜢タ⨨ => ሗ࿌᭩䛂㞀ᐖ䛾≉ᐃ䛸䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁ィ⏬䛃䠄2009ᖺ8᭶䠅
9
9
9
䛚䜘䛭30௳䛾䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁䜢᝿ᐃ
9 〇ရ䛾ᢎㄆ䜢㐩ᡂ䛩䜛䛾䛻୙ྍḞ䛺ᢏ⾡ヨ㦂䜢⤊஢䛥䛫䜛䛾䛿㞴䛧䛔
9 ฼ᐖ㛵ಀ⪅䛾カ⦎䛜Ḟዴ
ඃඛ㡰఩䚸㈝⏝䚸ᮇ㝈䚸䝟䜲䝻䝑䝖䛚䜘䜃䝟䞊䝖䝘䞊䜢ᐃ䜑䜛
ᑡ䛺䛟䛸䜒3ᖺ㛫500୓䝴䞊䝻䛾ᢞ㈨
http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Bois.13394html
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
4
2012年12月12日
ᮌᮦᘓ⠏䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
9
Codifab/FBF ᑓ㛛ᐙ䛸ඹྠ䛷⼥㈨䜢ཷ䛡䜛䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
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CSTB/FCBA䛂Synerbois partenaires䛃䝟䞊䝖䝘䞊䛻ጤク䛥䜜䛯䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
Codifab䚸FBF䛚䜘䜃DHUP䛾㛫䛷180୓䝴䞊䝻䜢ඹ᭷
㐠Ⴀጤဨ఍ +ᢏ⾡ጤဨ఍
ᮌᯟ䛾ቨ䛾⪏ⅆ
እቨ䛻౑⏝䛥䜜䜛ሙྜ䛾↓ᇈᮦ䛾䛭䜀䛾ⅆ஦䛻ᑐ䛩䜛཯ᛂ
ᮌᯟ䛾ቨ䛾⪏㟈
Ⓨờቨ䛾◊✲
ᡞᘓ䛶ఫᒃ䛾䝸䝣䜷䞊䝮ᣦ㔪
ᮌ㐀ᘓタ〇ရ䛚䜘䜃ᵓᡂရ䛾ACV & FDES䠄⾲㠃௙ୖ䛢䜢ྵ䜐䠅
ᮌᮦᘓ⠏䜹䝍䝻䜾
ᮌᮦᘓ⠏఍㆟䠄2010ᖺ6᭶29᪥䠅
ⅆ⅏
ⅆ⅏䛾ཎᅉ䛸䛺䜛䜒䛾䛚䜘䜃ᮌ㐀ᘓ⠏䠄୍⯡䛻බ㛤䛥䜜䜛஦ົᡤ䜔ఫᏯ䛾䠏㝵䞉4㝵ᘓ䛾ᘓ⠏≀䠅
䛺䜛䜒 䛚 䜃ᮌ㐀ᘓ⠏ ⯡
䛥䜜䜛஦ົᡤ ఫᏯ
㝵 㝵ᘓ ᘓ⠏≀
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
5
ᮌᮦᘓ⠏䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
9
䛭䛾௚䛾DHUP䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
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䛂฼ᐖ㛵ಀ⪅カ⦎䛃䝽䞊䜻䞁䜾䜾䝹䞊䝥䛿䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁ィ⏬⟇ᐃ䜢ど㔝䛻ධ䜜䜛 (CNDB䠖ᮌᮦ᣺⯆ጤဨ఍)
ᮌ〇㈨ᮦ䜢ᘓ⠏≀䛷䛹䛾䜘䛖䛻఩⨨䛵䛡䜛䛛䛾Ḣᕞศᯒ䠄䝗䜲䝒䚸䝇䜴䜵䞊䝕䞁䚸䝇䜲䝇䚸ⱥᅜ䠅(FCBA/CSTB)
Ⅳ㓟䜺䝇᳨▱ჾ⟬ᐃ᪉ἲ䠄୍᫬ಖ⟶䠅
Ⅳ㓟䜺䝇᳨▱ჾ⟬ᐃ᪉ἲ䠄
᫬ಖ⟶䠅 (FCBA/CSTB)
ᘓ⠏㒊㛛䛷䛂ᣢ⥆ⓗ䛻⟶⌮䛥䜜䛯᳃ᯘ䛃ㄆド䜢⟇ᐃ䠄FCBA䠅
௚䛾╔ᡭ䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
╔
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ᮌ〇䝋䝸䝳䞊䝅䝵䞁䛾㡢㡪ᛶ⬟
ᅜᐙ䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁䝥䝷䞁䛾ᆅᇦᒎ㛤
ABER – Atlantique Bois Eco Rénovation (኱すὒᮌ〇䜶䝁ᨵ⠏)䠄ᮌ䜢౑䛳䛯බႠఫᏯ䛾ᨵ⠏᱌䛾せㄳ䠅
⌧ᆅ䛾ᮌᮦ䜢౑⏝䛧䛶100௳䛾බႠᘓ⠏≀䜢ᘓタ (Fédération Nationale des Communes forestières
– ඲ᅜ᳃ᯘᆅᇦᆅ᪉⮬἞య㐃ྜ఍)
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
6
2012年12月12日
ᮌᮦᘓ⠏䜰䜽䝅䝵䞁
⌧ᆅ䛾ᮌᮦ䜢౑⏝䛧䛶100௳䛾බႠᘓ⠏≀䜢ᘓタ (FNCofor)
9
㐠⏝ẁ㝵䛻⥆䛟㐺ษᛶㄪᰝ䠄ᆅ᪉ᙜᒁ䛾᪋ᕤ୺䝃䝫 䝖䠅
㐠⏝ẁ㝵䛻⥆䛟㐺ษᛶㄪᰝ䠄ᆅ᪉ᙜᒁ䛾᪋ᕤ୺䝃䝫䞊䝖䠅
Saint-Jean d’Arvey (Savoie) 䛾ᘓ⠏౛– ྜྠᗇ⯋䠄ప䜶䝛䝹䜼䞊฼⏝䝡䝹䠅
9 䛣䛖䛔䛳䛯䝥䝻䜾䝷䝮䜢ぢ䛯䛔䛸䛔䛖ḧồ䛜㑅ᐃ䝥䝻䝆䜵䜽䝖䛾ᘓ⠏≀⎔ቃရ㉁䛾ホ౯䜈䛸㐍໬䛩䜛
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
7
December 12, 2012
9th Franco-Japanese
p
Conference
Lifting regulation and standards
restrictions on the use of wood in
construction
December 12, 2012
Yves DUCLERE
Head of Partnerships and Territorial Actions Office
Ministry for Territorial Equality and Housing
Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy
Political goals
9
Expanding the use of wood for construction by stressing its environmental
benefits
Grenelle 1 (Articles 34 & 4) and Grenelle 2 (Articles 12 & 116) laws
9
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Ÿ
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Fighting climate change
Promoting materials from renewable sources
Suitably adapted building codes, minimum levels for incorporating wood in buildings, setting
up a label, no opposition to the use of materials from renewable sources or that avoid
greenhouse
h
gas emissions,
i i
d
defining
fi i ecocertification
tifi ti for
f sustainable
t i bl fforestt managementt
Correcting the known French trade deficit in wood products
Speech by the President of the Republic at Urmatt (May 2009)
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Expanding the availability of wood in France, industrialising the sector
Reminders: Framework agreement covering wood-construction-the environment
(2001), PM circulars in 2005 and 2008
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
2
December 12, 2012
Regulatory actions on wood in building
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Multiplying by ten on average the minimum wood content in construction
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Minimum thresholds for different types of buildings
Phasing in the requirement
Separating the “wood from sustainably managed forests” criteria
Decree dated 15 March 2010, Act of 13 September 2010
Facilitating insulation from the outside
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SHOB decree dated 16 October 2009
Using wood from sustainably managed forests
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As of 2010, their exclusive use in public building projects
“Biosourced Building” label
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Using materials of vegetal and animal origin
Quantitative and qualitative demands
An ongoing project
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
3
Wood in building actions
Overcoming obstacles to the use of wood in building
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Setting up a working group => Report “Identifying obstacles and an action plan” (August
2009)
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Some thirty actions are envisaged
9 It is hard to get the technical studies completed that are essential to achieving product approval
9 Stakeholders lack training
Defining priorities, costs, deadlines, pilots and partners
€5 million invested over at least three years
http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Bois.13394html
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
4
December 12, 2012
Wood in building actions
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Actions jointly financed with Codifab/FBF professionals
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Actions entrusted to CSTB/FCBA “Synerbois partenaires” partners
€1.8 million shared between Codifab, FBF and DHUP
Steering committee + Technical committees
Fire resistance for wood frame walls
Reaction to fire by solid wood when used as outer facing
Earthquake resistance of wood frame walls
Studies of perspiring walls
Guide for refurbishing single family homes
ACV & FDES for wooden construction products and components (including facing)
Wood in building catalogue
Wood in building conference (29 June 2010)
Fire hazards and wooden construction (for buildings with three and four storey levels open to
the public, in offices and in housing)
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
5
Wood in building actions
9
Other DHUP actions
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A “Stakeholder Training” working group with a view to defining an action plan (CNDB)
A European analysis of how wooden materials are positioned in building (Germany, Sweden,
g
) ((FCBA/CSTB))
Switzerland, England)
A method for calculating the carbon indicator (temporary storage) (FCBA/CSTB)
Developing “sustainably managed forests” certification in the building sector (FCBA)
Other actions launched
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Acoustic performance of wooden solutions
A regional
i
l rollout
ll t off national
ti
l action
ti plans
l
ABER – Atlantique Bois Eco Rénovation (Atlantic wood eco renovation) (A call for proposals for
refurbishing public housing using wood)
One hundred public buildings constructed using local wood (Fédération Nationale des Communes
forestières – National federation of forest area municipalities)
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
6
December 12, 2012
Wood in building actions
100 public buildings constructed using local wood (FNCofor)
9
S it bilit study
Suitability
t d followed
f ll
d by
b an operational
ti
l phase
h
(project
(
j t owner supportt for
f
local authorities)
A construction example at Saint-Jean d’Arvey (Savoie) – A multifunctional municipal building (a low energy
usage building)
9 The ambition of seeing this type of programme evolve towards an assessment of the Building
Environmental Quality aspect for selected projects
9th Franco-Japanese Conference
12 December 2012
7
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