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ダウンロード - 大阪市立大学 大学院理学研究科・理学部
物理学教室年次研究報告
2008年度
大阪市立大学 大学院理学研究科・理学部
物理学教室
目次
序
1
2008年度物理学教室談話会
2
研究報告
物性物理学講座
超低温物理学研究室
3
光物性物理学研究室
10
生体・構造物性研究室
13
素励起物理学研究室
24
宇宙・高エネルギー物理学講座
宇宙線物理学研究室
29
高エネルギー物理学研究室
31
重力波実験物理学研究室
39
宇宙・素粒子実験物理学研究室
45
基礎物理学講座
素粒子論研究室
48
数理物理学研究室
51
宇宙物理研究室
56
原子核理論研究室
61
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1. M. Yamashita, K. Izumina, A. Matsubara, Y. Sasaki, O. Ishikawa, T. Takagi, M. Kubota,
and T. Mizusaki†“Spin Wave and Vortex Excitations of Superfluid 3He-A in Parallel-Pla
te Geometry”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 025302 (2008).
2. R. Ishiguro, K. Izumina, Y. Sasaki, M. Kubota, O. Ishikawa and T Takagi†“Growth of a Single
Vortex line of 3He-A in a Narrow Cylinder under Rotation”, Journal of Physics, Conference
Series, vol. 150, 032033,1-4 (2009).
3. K. Izumina, R. Ishiguro, M. Kubota, Y. Sasaki, T. Takagi and O. Ishikawa†“Effect of the cooling
speed through Tc on the formation of textures in superfluid 3He-A”, Journal of Physics,
Conference Series, vol. 150, 032034,1-4 (2009).
5
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
R. Kado, H. Nakagawa, K. Obara, H. Yano, O. Ishikawa and T. Hata!“In Globally Isotropic
Aerogel, A-B phase Separation of Superfluid 3He in Radial Direction”, Journal of Physics,
Conference Series, vol. 150, 032036,1-4 (2009).
C. Kato, Y. Nago, T. Matsukura, R. Kado, K. Obara, H. Yano, O. Ishikawa and T. Hata!“Motion
of 3He Quasiparticles in Aerogel Driven by Fourth sound”, Journal of Physics, Conference Series,
vol. 150, 032039,1-4 (2009).
Y. Nago, M. Inui, R. Kado, K. Obara, H. Yano, O. Ishikawa and T. Hata!“Vortex Emission by a
Low-frequency Vibrating Wire in Superfluid 3He-B”, Journal of Physics, Conference Series, vol.
150, 032071,1-4 (2009).
H.Yano, Y. Nago, R. Goto, K. Obara, O. Ishikawa and T. Hata!“Transition to Quatum Turbulence
Generated by an Oscillating Object in Superfluid 4He”, Journal of Physics, Conference Series, vol.
150, 032125,1-4 (2009).
H. Yano, Y. Nago, R. Goto, K. Obara, O. Ishikawa, and T. Hata! “Laminar–turbulent transition
generated by an oscillating object in superfluid 4He”, J. Phys.: Conf. Series, 150, 032126,1–4
(2009).
!"#$%&
1. H.Yano!“Transition to Quantum Turbulence Generated by an Oscillating Structure in Superfluid
4
He” (talk), the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13 August,
2008, RAI convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
2. H. Yano!“Laminar-Turbulent Transition Generated by an Oscillating Structure in Superfluid
4
He” (poster), the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13
August 2008, RAI Congress Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands
3. R.Ishiguro!“Growth of a Single Vortex of 3He-A in a Narrow Cylinder under Rotation” (poster),
the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13 August, 2008, RAI
convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
4. R.Ishiguro!“Textural Transition of Rotating Superuid 3He-A in a Single Narrow Cylinder”
(poster), the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13 August,
2008, RAI convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
5. K.Izumina!“Effect of the Cooling Speed through Tc on the Formation of Textures in Superuid
3
He-A” (poster), the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13
August, 2008, RAI convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
6. Y.Nago!“Critical Velocity for Vortex Emission Induced by Wire Vibration in Superfluid 3He
-B ” (poster), the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13
August, 2008, RAI convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
7. R.Ishiguro!“Strange NMR Spectrum of Normal Helium 3 in a Narrow Cylinder” (poster), the 25th
International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13 August, 2008, RAI
convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
8. C.Kato!“Motion of 3He Quasiparticles in Aerogel Driven by Fourth Sound” (poster), the 25th
International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13 August, 2008, RAI
convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
9. R.Kado ! “In Globally Isotropic Aerogel, A-B Phase Separation of Superuid 3He in
RadialDirection” (poster), the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25),
6-13 August, 2008, RAI convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands
10. H.Yano!“Laminar Turbulent Transition Generated by an Oscillating Structure in Superuid 4He”
(poster), the 25th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics (LT25), 6-13 August,
2008, RAI convention centre, Amsterdam, Netherland
11. H. Yano!“Critical Phenomena of Quantum Turbulence Generated by a Vibrating Wire in
Superfluid 4He” (talk), ULT 2008 “Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics”, 14-17 August 2008,
6
Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK
12. H. Yano!“Control of Transition to Turbulence in Oscillatory Flow of Superfluid 4He Induced by
a Vibrating Wire” (poster), ULT 2008 “Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics”, 14-17 August
2008, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK
13. R.Kado ! “In Globally Isotropic Aerogel, A-B Phase Separation of Superuid 3He in
RadialDirection” (poster), ULT2008 “Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics”, 14-17 August,
2008, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, UK
14. C.Kato!“Motion of 3He Quasiparticles in Aerogel Driven by Fourth Sound” (poster), ULT2008
“Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics”, 14-17 August, 2008, Royal Holloway University of
London, Egham, UK
15. Y.Nago!“Onset Velocity for Vortex Emission Induced by Wire Vibration in Superfluid 3He –B”
(talk), ULT2008 “Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics”, 14-17 August, 2008, Royal Holloway
University of London, Egham, UK
16. Y. Nago!“Onset Velocity for Vortex Emission Induced by Wire Vibration in Superfluid 3He-B”
(poster), ULT 2008 “Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics”, 14-17 August 2008, Royal
Holloway, University of London, UK
17. H. Yano!“Experiments on Quantum Turbulence Generated by Small Vibrating Structures in 4He”
(invited talk), Workshop on Topics in Quantum Turbulence, 16-20 March 2009, the Abdus Salam
International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy
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1. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, K. Yanagi, A. Gall, B. Robert, R.J. Cogdell, and H.
Hashimoto, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity realized in symmetric nonpolar carotenoids”, Phys.
Rev. B 78, 161101(R)/1-4 (2008).
2. K. Nakagawa, S. Suzuki, R. Fujii, A. T. Gardiner, R. J. Cogdell, M. Nango, H. Hashimoto, “Probing
the effect of the binding site on the electrostatic behavior of a series of carotenoids reconstituted into
the light-harvesting 1 complex from purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum detected
by stark spectroscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 9467-9475 (2008).
3. D. Kosumi, M. Fujiwara, R. Fujii, R. J. Cogdell, H. Hashimoto, and M. Yoshizawa, “The dependence
of the ultrafast relaxation kinetics of the S2 and S1 states in !-carotene homologs and lycopene on the
conjugation length studied by femtosecond time-resolved absorption and Kerr-gate fluorescence
spectroscopies”, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 214506/1-8 (2008).
4. Y. Yoshida, R. Miyamoto, T. Nishioka, H. Hashimoto, and I. Kinoshita “Compressed’ Ice-Like
Structures between the molecular films comparable with ice phase III” Chem. Lett. 38, 366-367
(2008).
5. M. Obata, A. Kitamura, A. Mori, C. Kameyama, J.A. Czaplewska, R. Tanaka, I. Kinoshita, T.
Kusumoto, H. Hashimoto, M. Harada, Y. Mikata, T. Funabiki and S. Yano, “Syntheses, structural
characterization and photophysical properties of 4-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,3-triazole rhenium(I) complexes”,
Dalton trans. 25, 3292-3300 (2008).
6. M. Maruyama, R. Matsubayashi, H. Iwakura, S. Isoda and T. Komatsu, “Silver nanosintering: a
lead-free alternative to soldering”, Appl. Phys. A, 93, 467-470 (2008).
7. K. Nakagawa, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, R. Fujii, T. Dewa, A. T. Gardiner, R. J. Cogdell, M. Nango, and
H. Hashimoto, “Characterization by stark spectroscopy of reconstituted light-harvesting 1 complex of
purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum with the polypeptides, bacteriochlorophyll a,
and carotenoids”, Carotenoid Science, 13, 38-45 (2008).
8. D. Kosumi, H. Hashimoto, and M. Yoshizawa, “The S1 relaxation kinetics of all-trans-"-carotene
explored by two-photon excitation”, Carotenoid Science, 13, 49-52 (2008).
9. M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, and H. Hashimoto, “Transient grating signals from !-carotene: excitation
energy dependence”, Carotenoid Science, 13, 53-58 (2008).
10. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, and H. Hashimoto, “Ultrafast dephasing processes in
!-carotene homologues”, Carotenoid Science, 13, 59-61 (2008).
11. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, A. Gall, B. Robert, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto, “Energy
dissipation in the ground-state vibrational manifolds of "-carotene homologues: A sub-20-fs
time-resolved transient grating spectroscopic study”, Phys. Rev. B 77, 205118/1-10 (2008).
12. K. Yamauchi, M. Fujiwara, M. Sugisaki, and H. Hashimoto, “Third-harmonic maker fringe
measurement of !-carotene homologues”, Carotenoid Science 13, 62-64 (2008).
13. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, K. Yanagi, A. Gall, B. Robert, R.J. Cogdell, and H.
Hashimoto, “Third-order optical nonlinearity of "-carotene homologues”, Phys. Stat. Solidi (c) 6,
(2009) S31-S33.
15
14. M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, S.V. Nair, H.E. Ruda, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto,
“Spectrally-resolved transient grating signals from !-carotene in benzene solution”, Phys. Stat. Solidi
(c) 6, (2009) S34-S37.
15. M. Fujiwara, M. Sugisaki, A. Gall, B. Robert, R. J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto, "Ultrafast optical
responses of !-carotene and lycopene probed by sub-20 fs time-resolved coherent spectroscopy", J.
Lumin., in press.
16. M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, R. Fujii, K. Nakagawa, M. Nango, R.J. Cogdell, and, and H. Hashimoto,
“Transient grating spectroscopy in photosynthetic purple bacteria Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1”, J.
Lumin., in press.
17. N. Chartterjee, D.M. Niedzwiedzki, K. Aoki, T. Kajikawa. S. Katsumura, H. Hashimoto, and H.A.
Frank, “Effect of structural modifications on the spectroscopic properties and dynamics of the excited
states of peridinin”, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 483, 146-155 (2009).
!"#$%
1. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, A. Gall, B. Robert, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto,
“Specific Channel of Energy Dissipation in Carotenoids: Coherent Spectroscopic Study”, in Ultrafast
Phenomena XVI, Springer Series in Chemical Physics, vol. 92, edited by P. Corkum, S. De Silvestri, K.
A. Nelson, E. Riedle and R. W. Schoenlein, in press.
2. K. Nakagawa, S. Suzuki, R. Fujii, A. T. Gardiner, R. J. Cogdell, M. Nango, and H. Hashimoto
“Probing the carotenoid in its binding site in a reconstituted LH1 complex from the photosynthetic
bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum with electroabsorption spectroscopy” Proceedings of 14th!
International Congress on Photosynthesis Research, Ch. 16, 297-300 (2008).
!"#$&'
1. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, H. Hashimoto, and R. J. Cogdell, “Ultrafast dephasing
processes in !-carotene homologues”, 2008 APS March Meeting, 10-14 March, 2008, New Orleans,
Louisiana, USA.
2. H. Hashimoto and R.J. Cogdell, “Current understanding of the photophysics of carotenoids”, The 15th
International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008
(Plenary Lecture).
3. R. Fujii, S. Shimonaka, N. Uchida, A.T. Gardiner, R.J. Cogdell, M. Sugisaki, and H. Hashimoto,
“Construction of hybrid photosynthetic units using peripheral and core antennae from two different
species of photosynthetic bacteria”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel
Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008 (Invited Lecture).
4. R.J. Cogdell, H. Hashimoto, A.T. Gardiner, A.W. Roszak, H.A. Frank, and N.W. Isaacs, “A detailed
‘Look’ at the structure of carotenoids in photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes as determined by
X-ray crystallography, with special reference to reaction centres and LH2 complexes from purple
photosynthetic bacteria”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach,
Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
5. H.A. Frank, N. Chatterjee, D.M. Niedzwiedzki, H. Hashimoto, K. Aoki, T. Kajikawa, and S.
Katsumura, “Effect of Structural Modifications on the Spectroscopic Properties and Dynamics of the
Excited States of Peridinin”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach,
Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
6. K. Nakagawa, N. Fukui, T. Nakano, T. Horibe, S. Suzuki, R. Fujii, A.T. Gardiner, R.J. Cogdell, H.
Hashimoto and M. Nango, “Probing the effect of the binding site on the electrostatic behavior of a
series of carotenoids reconstituted into the light-harvesting 1 complex from purple photosynthetic
bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum detected by stark spectroscopy”, The 15th International Symposium
on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
7. D. Kosumi, K. Abe, H. Karasawa, M. Fujiwara, H. Hashimoto, and M. Yoshizawa, “Excitation energy
dependence of the S1 relaxation kinetics in all-trans-!-carotene explored by two-photon excitation”,
The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June,
2008.
8. M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, R. Fujii, K. Nakagawa, M. Nango, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto,
“Transient grating spectroscopy in Rhodobacter Sphaeroides 2.4.1”, The 15th International
Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
9. M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, S.V. Nair, H.E. Ruda, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto, “Spectrallyresolved transient grating signal of !-carotene”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids,
16
Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
10. A. Gall, M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, B. Robert and H. Hashimoto, “Resonance Raman
spectroscopy of !-carotene homologues containing different "-conjugation lengths and side chain
distributions”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan,
22-27 June, 2008.
11. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, K. Yanagi, A. Gall, B. Robert, R.J. Cogdell, and H.
Hashimoto, “A new optically-forbidden excited state in !-carotene homologues: investigated by
third-harmonic generation spectroscopy”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel
Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
12. M. Fujiwara, M. Sugisaki, A. Gall, B. Robert, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto, “Sub-20 fs
time-resolved degenerate four-wave mixing spectroscopy of !-carotene and lycopene”, The 15th
International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
13. R. Fujii, N. Wakatake, S. Shimonaka, Q.-D. Chen, M. Sugisaki, A. T. Gardiner, R.J. Cogdell, and H.
Hashimoto, “Femtosecond time-resolved absorption spectra of photosynthetic membranes from a
purple bacterium Blastochloris (Rhodopseudomonas) viridis”, The 15th International Symposium on
Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
!"# A.W. Roszak, A.T. Gardiner, V. Moulisova, A.D. Putranto, R. Fujii, H. Hashimoto, N.W. Isaacs, and
R.J. Cogdell, “Structure of the carotenoid bound to the reaction centre from Blastochloris viridis”, The
15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.!
!$# E. Shibata, R. Fujii, and H. Hashimoto, “FT-IR difference spectrum of a 15-cis carotenoid bound to
the reaction centre from a purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides”, The 15th
International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.!
16. T. Horibe, K. Nakagawa, T. Kusumoto, S. Suzuki, R. Fujii, A.T. Gardiner, R.J. Cogdell, M. Nango,
and H. Hashimoto, “Electroabsorption spectroscopy of native and reconstituted LH1-complexes from
purple photosynthetic bacterium Rs. rubrum S1”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids,
Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
17. T. Kusumoto, T. Horibe, T. Kajikawa, K. Aoki, S.R. Shanker, T. Iwashita, S. Katsumura and H.
Hashimoto, “Stark Spectroscopy of Peridinin and its derivatives”, The 15th International Symposium
on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
18. T. Kusumoto, R. Fujii and H. Hashimoto, “"-Conjugation Chain Length Dependence of the Dication
State of Polar Carotenoid Analogues Measured by Nanosecond Time-resolved Absorption
Spectroscopy”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan,
22-27 June, 2008.
19. T. Kusumoto, T. Hashimoto, R. Fujii, M. Sugisaki and H. Hashimoto, “Femtosecond Time-resolved
absorption spectroscopy of a polar carotenoid analogue, 2-(all-trans-retinylidene) indan-1,3-dione”,
The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June,
2008.
20. T. Kajikawa, K. Aoki, T. Iwashita, N. Chatterjee, H.A. Frank, T. Kusumoto, H. Hashimoto, and S.
Katsumura, “Syntheses of peridinin analogues toward elucidation of its highly efficient energy transfer
mechanism in photosynthesis”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach,
Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
21. K. Saito, H. Hashimoto, “Coherent dynamics of excitation-energy transfer in photosynthetic purple
bacteria described by global theory”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel
Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
22. I. Kinoshita, T. Nishioka, M. Hirotsu and H. Hashimoto, “The interaction of macrocyclic Ag and Cu
complexes with carotenoid”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach,
Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
23. T. Nakano, N. Fukui, K. Nakagawa, A.T. Gardiner, R.J. Cogdell, R. Fujii, H. Hashimoto, and M.
Nango, “Reconstitution of light-harvesting 1 complexes from purple photosynthetic bacterium
Rhodospirilium ruburum with separately isolated polypeptides (LH1-# and LH1-!),
bacteriochlorophyll a, and carotenoid”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel
Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan, 22-27 June, 2008.
24. N. Fukui, A. Mizuno, T. Nakano, K. Nakagawa, A.T. Gardiner, R.J. Cogdell, R. Fujii, H. Hashimoto,
and M. Nango, " Reconstitution of antenna light-harvesting 1 complexes from the purple bacterium
Rhodobacter sphaeroides with LH1 polypeptides, bacteriochlorophyll a, and carotenoid: carotenoid
specificity”, The 15th International Symposium on Carotenoids, Hotel Moonbeach, Okinawa, Japan,
22-27 June, 2008.
17
25. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, A. Gall, B. Robert, R. J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto,
"Specific Channel of Energy Dissipation in Carotenoids: Coherent Spectroscopic Study", No:
MON5I.3, XVI International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena, June, 2008, Stresa, Italy.
26. M. Fujiwara, M. Sugisaki, A. Gall, B. Robert, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto, “Ultrafast optical
responses of !-carotene and lycopene probed by sub-20 fs time-resolved coherent spectroscopy”, The
15th International Conference on Luminescence and Optical Spectroscopy of Condensed Matter
(ICL’08), Lyon, France, 7-11 July, 2008.
27. M Sugisaki, M Fujiwara, R Fujii, K Nakagawa, M Nango, R.J. Cogdell, and Hideki Hashimoto,
“Vibronic coherence of photosynthetic pigments”, The 15th International Conference on
Luminescence and Optical Spectroscopy of Condensed Matter (ICL’08), Lyon, France, 7-11 July,
2008.
28. M. Fujiwara, K. Yamauchi, M. Sugisaki, K. Yanagi, A. Gall, B. Robert, R. J. Cogdell, and H.
Hashimoto, "Third-Order Optical Nonlinearity of !-Carotene Homologues Investigated by
Third-Harmonic Generation Spectroscopy", International Conference on Optical, Optoelectronic and
Photonic Materials and Applications (ICOOPMA), Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 20-25 July, 2008.
29. M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, S.V. Nair, H.E. Ruda, R.J. Cogdell, and Hideki Hashimoto,
“Spectrally-resolved transient grating signal of !-carotene”, International Conference on Optical,
Optoelectronic and Photonic Materials and Applications (ICOOPMA), Edmonton, Alberta, Canada,
20-25 July, 2008.
30. M. Hatasa, O. Goto, T. Sakurai, K. Fujii, T. Dewa, K. Iida, H. Hashimoto, and M. Nango,
“Self-assembly of light-harvesting complexes on various electrodes for construction of an artificial
photosynthetic system”, 17th International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of
Solar Energy, 28 July - 1 August, 2008, Sydney, Australia.
31. T. Joke, Y. Takeuchi, S. Ishigure, S. Osaka, T. Dewa, Y. Amao, H. Hashimoto, and M. Nango,
“Molecular Assembly of Chlorophyll Complexes on Electrodes for Construction of an Artificial
Photoenergy Conversion System”, 17th International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and
Storage of Solar Energy, 28 July - 1 August, 2008, Sydney, Australia.
32. H. Hashimoto, M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, and R.J. Cogdell, “Sub-20-fs coherent spectroscopy of
carotenoids”, ESF Workshop “Novel methods in exploring carotenoid excited state dynamics”, Nove
Hrady, Czech Republic, 21-25 September, 2008.
33. D. Kosumi, K. Abe, H. Karasawa, M. Fujiwara, H. Hashimoto, and M. Yoshizawa, “Ultrafast
relaxation kinetics of all-trans-carotenoid explored by linear and nonlinear excitations”, ESF
Workshop “Novel methods in exploring carotenoid excited state dynamics”, Nove Hrady, Czech
Republic, 21-25 September, 2008.
34. S. Osaka, K. Shimoyama, O. Goto, M. Hatasa, T. Dewa, K. Iida, H. Hashimoto, and M.! Nango,
“Self-assembly of light-harvesting core complexes on electrodes for construction of an artificial
photosynthetic system”, 20th Korea-Japan Joint Forum, Chitose Institute of Science and Technology
(CIST), Hokkaido, Japan, 23-25 October, 2008.
35. Y. Nishikawa, M. Hirotsu, T. Nishioka, H. Hashimoto, and I. Kinoshita, “Coordination Ability of a
Thiacalix[3]pyridine Copper Unit toward Olefins”, 15th International SPACC Symposium, Osaka, Japan,
20 November 2008.
36. M. Maruyama and T. Komatsu, “Silver nanosintering and a lead-free alternative to soldering: an
application of nanoparticles passivated with alkoxides”, 15th International SPACC Symposium, Osaka,
Japan, 20 November 2008.
37. H. Hashimoto, “Solar to Fuels; Natural Tactics of Solar Energy Conversion by Photosynthesis”, 15th
International SPACC Symposium, Osaka, Japan, 20 November 2008!SPACC "#"$%&'()*
38. M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, S.V. Nair, H.E. Ruda, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto, “Spectrally-!
resolved transient grating signal of !-carotene”, Light-Harvesting Processes (LHP2009), Banz
Monastery, Germany, March 10-14, 2009.
39. T. Kusumoto, T. Horibe, T. Kajikawa, K. Aoki, S.R. Shanker, T. Iwashita, S. Katsumura and H.
Hashimoto, “Stark Spectroscopy of Peridinin and Peridinin Analogues”, Light-Harvesting Processes
(LHP2009), Banz Monastery, Germany, March 10-14, 2009.
40. T. Kusumoto, R. Fujii, D. Kosumi and H. Hashimoto, “"-Conjugation Chain Length Dependence of
the Dication State of Polar Carotenoid Analogues Measured by Nanosecond Time-resolved
Absorption Spectroscopy”, Light-Harvesting Processes (LHP2009), Banz Monastery, Germany,
March 10-14, 2009.
41. T. Kusumoto, D. Kosumi, T. Hashimoto, R. Fujii, M. Sugisaki and H. Hashimoto, “Femtosecond
18
Time-resolved Absorption Spectroscopy of a Polar Carotenoid Analogue, 2-(all-trans-retinylidene)
indan-1,3-dione in Various Solvents”, Light-Harvesting Processes (LHP2009), Banz Monastery,
Germany, March 10-14, 2009.
42. Y. Sugai, M. Sugisaki, M. Fujiwara, R. Fujii, R.J. Cogdell, and H. Hashimoto, “Transient Grating
Spectroscopy in Rhodobacter Sphaeroides 2.4.1”, Light-Harvesting Processes (LHP2009), Banz
Monastery, Germany, March 10-14, 2009.
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1. W. P. Halperin, M. Tsubota!Progress in Low Temperature Physics Vol.16, Elsevier (2008) .
*+ ,1.M. Yasunaga and M. Tsubota, “Spin echo in spinor dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 101, 220401 (2008).
2. M. Tsubota, “Quantum turbulence” (Invited Review Article) J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 77, 111006
(2008).
3. Y. Kurita, M.Kobayashi, T. Morinari, M. Tsubota and H. Ishihara, ”Spacetime analogue of
Bose-Einstein condensates: Bogoliubov-de Gennes formulation” Phys. Rev. A. 79, 043616 (2
009).
4. H. Takeuchi, K. Kasamatsu and M. Tsubota, “ Spontaneous radiation and amplification of K
elvin waves on quantized vortices in Bose-Einstein condensates” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033619
(2009).
5. S. Fujiyama and M. Tsubota, ”Drag force on an oscillating object in quantum turbulence”
Phys. Rev.B 79, 094513 (2009).
6. K. Kasamatsu and M. Tsubota, ”Vortex sheet in rotating two-component Bose-Einstein cond
ensates” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023606 (2009).
7. M. Tsubota, “Quantum turbulence: from superfluid helium to atomic Bose-Einstein
condensates”(Invited Review Article) Contemporary Physics 50, 463-475 (2009).
8. H. Azuma and M. Tsubota, ”Numerical study of turbulent surface waves on cryogenic fluids” J.
Phys.: Conf. Ser. 150, 032008 (2009).
9. S. Fujiyama and M. Tsubota, ”Numerical simulation on quantum turbulence created by an
oscillating” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 150, 032021 (2009).
10. M. Kobayashi, Y. Kurita, T. Morinari, M. Tsubota and H. Ishihara, ”Particle creation in
Bose-Einstein condensates: Numerical analysis of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation for trapped
ultracold atoms” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 150, 032044 (2009).
11. R. Numasato and M. Tsubota, ”Numerical analysis of two-dimensional quantum turbulence” J.
Phys.: Conf. Ser. 150, 032074 (2009).
12. H. Takeuchi and M. Tsubota, ”Donnelly-Glaberson instability exciting Kelvin waves in atomic
Bose-Einstein condensates” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 150, 032105 (2009).
13. M. Yasunaga and M. Tsubota, ”Magnetic resonance, especially spin echo, in spinor Bose-Einstein
condensates” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 150, 032127 (2009).
14. M. Tsubota, ”Quantum turbulence--from superfluid helium to atomic Bose-Einstein condensates”
J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 164207 (2009).
15. K. Kasamatsu and M, Tsubota, “Quantized vortices in atomic Bose-Einstein condensates”(I
nvited Review Article), Prog. Low Temp. Phys., eds. W. P. Halperin and M. Tsubota (Else
vier, Amsterdam, 2008) Vol.16, 351-403.
16. M. Tsubota and M. Kobayashi, “Energy spectra in quantum turbulence”(Invited Review A
rticle), Prog. Low Temp. Phys., eds. W. P. Halperin and M. Tsubota (Elsevier, Amsterdam,
2008) Vol.16, 1-43.
./ 01 2 3
1. M. Tsubota, !Numerical Simulation of Counterflow Turbulence (Invited), !Workshop on Topics
in Quantum Turbulence, Trieste, Italy, 2009.3.16-20.
2. M. Tsubota, C
! omputations on Vibrating Structures (Invited)!, Workshop on Topics in Quantum
Turbulence, Trieste, Italy, 2009.3.16-20.
3. M. Tsubota,! Computations Based on the Gross-Pitaevskii model (Invited)!,Workshop on Topics
in Quantum Turbulence, Trieste, Italy, 2009.3.16-20.
25
4. M.Tsubota, ! Quantum Turbulence (Invited), !International Symposium on Frontiers of
Computational Science 2008, Nagoya, Japan, 2008.11.27-29.
5. M. Tsubota, !Numerical studies of quantum turbulence (Invited)! , Workshop on Visualizing
Thermo-Fluid Dynamics at Low Temperatures, San Antonio, USA, 2008.11.20-21.
6. M. Kobayashi, Y. Kurita, T. Morinari, M. Tsubota and H. Ishihara, P
! article Creation in
Bose-Einstein Condensates: Numerical Analysis for Trapped Ultra cold Atoms! International
Conference on Frontiers of Degenerate Quantum Gases Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 2008.
10. 20 - 24.
7. M. Tsubota!, Quantum Turbulence -from Superfluid Helium to Atomic Bose-Einstein
Condensates- (Invited)!, Workshop "Inertial-Range Dynamics and Mixing", Cambridge, UK,
2008. 9. 29 - 10. 3.
8. M. Tsubota!, Quantized Vortices in Atomic Bose-Einstein Condensates (Invited)! , The 9th
International Symposium on Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Light of New
Technology (ISQM-TOKYO'08), Hatoyama, Japan, 2008.8.25-28.
9. S. Fujiyama and M. Tsubota!, Numerical simulation of a force on an oscillating object driven by
a superfluid!: Generation of QT by oscillating structures, Workshop on current problems in
Quantum Turbulence,! Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of
London, United kingdom, 2008. 8. 14 - 17.
10.
M. Kobayashi and M. Tsubota, !Analysis of Self-similar Reconnecting Dynamics of
Quantized Vortices!: Visualization of quantum turbulence, Workshop on current problems in
Quantum Turbulence,! Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of
London, United kingdom, 2008. 8. 14 - 17.
11.
M. Yasunaga and M. Tsubota!, Spin Echo in Spinor Dipolar Bose-Einstein Condensates:
!Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of London, United kingdom,
2008. 8. 14 - 17.
12.
H. Takeuchi and M. Tsubota!, Donnelly--Glaberson Instability in Atomic Bose--Einstein
condensates at T=0 K!, Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of
London, United kingdom, 2008. 8. 14 - 17.
13.
R. Numasato, M. Tsubota, !Numerical Analysis of Two-Dimensional Quantum Turbulence!,
Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of London, United kingdom,
2008. 8. 14 - 17.
14.
Y. Kurita, M. Kobayashi, T. Morinari, M. Tsubota and H. Ishihara!, Particle creation in
Bose-Einstein Condensates: an analogue of Hawking radiation, !Frontiers of Low Temperature
Physics, Royal Holloway University of London, United kingdom, 2008. 8. 14 - 17.
15.
M. Kobayashi and M. Tsubota!, Analysis of Self-similar Reconnecting Dynamics of
Quantized Vortices!, Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of London,
United kingdom, 2008. 8. 14 - 17.
16.
S. Fujiyama and M. Tsubota, !Numerical simulation on quantum turbulence created by an
oscillating object!, Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of London,
United kingdom, 2008. 8. 14 - 17.
17.
H. Azuma and M. Tsubota!, Numerical study of turbulent surface waves on cryogenic
fluids!, Frontiers of Low Temperature Physics, Royal Holloway University of London, United
Kingdom, 2008. 8. 14 - 17.
18.
M. Kobayashi, Y. Kurita, T Morinari, and M. Tsubota and H. Ishihara!, Particle Creation in
Bose-Einstein Condensates: Numerical Analysis of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes Equation for
Trapped Ultracold Atoms!, 25th international conference on Low Temperature Physics,
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2008. 8. 6 - 13.
19.
H. Takeuchi and M. Tsubota, !Donnelly-Glaberson Instability Exciting Kelvin waves in
Atomic Bose-Einstein condensates, !2 5th international conference on Low Temperature Physics,
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2008. 8. 6 - 13.
20.
R. Numasato and M. Tsubota, !Numerical Analysis of Two-Dimensional Quantum
Turbulence, !2 5th international conference on Low Temperature Physics, Amsterdam, Netherlands,
2008. 8. 6 - 13.
21.
M. Yasunaga and M. Tsubota!, Spin Echo on Spinor Dipolar Bose-Einstein Condensates!,
25th international conference on Low Temperature Physics, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2008. 8. 6 13.
22.
S. Fujiyama and M. Tsubota, !Numerical simulation on quantum turbulence created by an
oscillating object!, 25th international conference on Low Temperature Physics, Amsterdam,
Netherlands, 2008. 8. 6 - 13.
26
23.
Y. Kurita, M Kobayashi, T. Morinari, H. Ishihara and M. Tsubota!, Particle Creation in
Bose-Einstein Condensates: Theoretical Formulation Based on the Bogoliubov-de Gennes
Equations, !2 5th international conference on Low Temperature Physics, Amsterdam, Netherlands,
2008. 8. 6 - 13.
24.
Hidenori Azuma and Makota Tsubota!, Numerical Study of Turbulent Surface Waves on
Quantum Fluids!, 25th international conference on Low Temperature Physics, Amsterdam,
Netherlands, 2008. 8. 6 - 13.
25.
M. Tsukamoto, K. Harada, and N. Kawashima, !Quantum Monte Carlo simulation of S=1/2
Heisenberg model with Four Spin Interaction, !2 5th international conference on Low Temperature
Physics, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2008. 8. 6 - 13.
26.
Makota Tsubota, !Quantum Turbulence -from Superfluid Helium to Atomic Bose-Einstein
Condensates-(Half-plenary talk), ! 2 5th international conference on Low Temperature Physics,
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2008. 8. 6 - 13.
!" #$ % "& '
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3. H. Tokuno, S. Ogio et al. : ”The cosmic ray primary composition at the knee region from lateral
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1. H. Tokuno, Y. Hayashi, S. Ogio et al.: ”The Telescope Array experiment: status and prospects”,
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1.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “First Flavor-Tagged
Determination of Bounds on Mixing-Induced CP Violation in Bs0 ! J/" # Decays”, Phys. Rev. Lett.
100, 161802 (2008).!
2.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for Heavy Top-like
Quarks Using Lepton Plus Jets Events in 1.96 TeV !!" Collisions”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 161803
(2008).!
3.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Measurement of Ratios of
Fragmentation Fractions for Bottom Hadrons in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96TeV”, Phys. Rev. D77,
072003 (2008).!
4.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Observation of the Decay Bc$
! J/" %&$ and Measurement of the Bc$ Mass”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 182002 (2008).!
5.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “First Measurement of ZZ
Production in !!" Collisions at #! = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 201801 (2008).!
6.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for the Higgs boson in
events with missing transverse energy and b quark jets produced in !!" collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 211801 (2008).!
7.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Two-Particle Momentum
Correlations in Jets Produced in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. D77, 092001 (2008).!
8.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Model-Independent and
Quasi-Model-Independent Search for New Physics at CDF”, Phys. Rev. D78, 012002 (2008).!
9.
T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for New Heavy
Particles Decaying to Z0Z0 ! eeee in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. D78, 012008
(2008).!
10. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for Pair Production of
Scalar Top Quarks Decaying to a tau Lepton and a b Quark in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 071802 (2008).!
35
11. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for Standard Model
Higgs Boson Production in Association with W Boson at CDF”, Phys. Rev. D78, 032008 (2008).!
12. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for Heavy,
Long-Lived Neutralinos that Decay to Photons at CDF II Using Photon Timing”, Phys. Rev. D78,
032015 (2008).
13. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Measurement of the Inclusive
Jet Cross Section at the Fermilab Tevatron !!" Collider Using a Cone-Based Jet Algorithm”, Phys.
Rev. D78, 052006 (2008).!
14. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for Doubly Charged
Higgs Bosons with Lepton-Flavor-Violating Decays involving Tau Leptons”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,
121801 (2008).
15. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for large extra
dimensions in final states containing one photon or jet and large missing transverse energy produced
in !!" collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 181602 (2008).
16. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for the Flavor
Changing Neutral Current Decay t ! Zq in !!" collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,
192002 (2008).!
17. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Measurement of b-jet Shapes
in Inclusive Jet Production in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. D78, 072005 (2008).!
18. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Forward-Backward
Asymmetry in Top Quark Production in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,
202001 (2008).
19. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “First measurement of the
fraction of top quark pair production through gluon-gluon fusion”, Phys. Rev. D78, 111101 (2008).
20. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for the Higgs boson
produced with Z ! !"!#$in !!" collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 251803 (2008).!
21. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for Supersymmetry in
!!" Collisions at #! = 1.96 TeV Using the Trilepton Signature of Chargino-Neutralino Production”,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 251801 (2008).!
22. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Measurement of the Single
Top Quark Production Cross Section at CDF”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 252001 (2008).
23. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for the Rare Decays B+
!$%"%#$K+, B0 ! %"%# K*0(892), and Bs0 ! %"%#$&$ at CDF”, Phys. Rev. D79, 011104 (2009).
24. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “First Direct Bound on the
Total Width of the Top Quark in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 042001
(2009).
25. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Global Search for New
Physics with 2.0 fb-1 at CDF”, Phys. Rev. D79, 011101 (2009).
26. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for a Higgs Boson
Decaying to Two W Bosons at CDF”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 021802 (2009).
27. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for Maximal Flavor
Violating Scalars in Same-Charge Lepton Pairs in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett.
102, 041801 (2009).
28. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for High-Mass e+e#
Resonances in !!" Collisions at #$ = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 031801 (2009).
36
29. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Measurement of the fraction
of !!" production via gluon-gluon fusion in ##" collisions at $% = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. D79,
031101 (2009).
30. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “First Measurement of the
Ratio of Branching Fractions B(!b0 " !c+ #$%# ) / B(!b0 " !c+ &$)”, Phys. Rev. D79, 032001 (2009).
31. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Measurement of Resonance
Parameters of Orbitally Excited Narrow B0 Mesons”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 102003 (2009).
32. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Search for new physics in the
## + e/# + ET channel with a low-pT lepton threshold at the Collider Detector at Fermilab”, Phys. Rev.
D79, 052004 (2009).
33. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “A Search for high-mass
resonances decaying to dimuons at CDF”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 091805 (2009).
34. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Measurement of W-Boson
Helicity Fractions in Top-Quark Decays Using cos'*”, Phys. Lett. B674, 160-167 (2009).
35. T. Aaltonen, T. Okusawa, Y. Seiya, K. Yamamoto, T. Wakisaka et al.: “Inclusive Search for Squark
and Gluino Production in ##" Collisions at $% = 1.96 TeV”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 121801 (2009).!
!
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Mass ? ~”,:;<=>?@AB4, Hadron Collider Physics Symposium 2008 (HCP08)5200865
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38
重力波実験物理学研究室
神田 展行
山岸彰伍
上地舜
教授
(M2)
(M2)
研究概要
本研究室では、重力波検出実験 LCGT 計画と DECIGO 実験を中心に研究を進めている。LCGT
は東大宇宙線研究所をホストとした共同研究で、神岡鉱山内に基線長 3km ×2のレーザー干渉計
を建設する計画である。また DECIGO はスペースにおいてより低周波数の重力波観測をめざす将
来計画で、国立天文台、宇宙科学研究所ほかを中心とした共同研究である。我々の主たる研究は、
天体からの重力波検出を目的としたデータ解析である。
また 2008 年度からは、KEK 低温グループとアクシオン探索実験にも着手した。
1. ウェーブレットを用いたバースト重力波の探索(山岸)
重力波の種類として、連星中性子星や連星ブラックホールの合体から放出される重力波の波
形はチャープ波形、パルサーから放出される重力波の波形は連続波形と呼ばれ、それらは理
論的に予測できるために、波形テンプレートとの相関を取るマッチドフィルタリングという
手法による探索が可能である。一方、本研究で探索対象としている超新星爆発から放出され
る重力波はバースト波と呼ばれ、これは短い時間スケールの波形で、また放出過程が複雑な
為に解析的に波形を予測する事が困難であるが、数値シミュレーションによって多くの種類
の波形が予想されている。ここでは Dimmelmeier らによって予測された波形(以下 DFM
波形)をバースト重力波として用い、その探索アルゴリズムを構築した。探索方法として
TF(Time-Frequency) 平面における信号の変化の様子からバースト重力波と TAMA300 デー
タに存在する雑音を効率良く分離することを目的とし、TF 平面で 1 つのイベントから成る
局在した信号のパワー分布の塊 (クラスタ) を認識する TF クラスタリングという手法を用
いた。TF クラスタにはバースト重力波の波形を識別する様々なパラメータが含まれており、
なかでも時間発展と周波数発展に関連するパラメータに適切な選別条件を設けることでバー
スト重力波によるイベントと検出器雑音起因のイベントに区別することができる。また、本
研究では時系列信号を TF 平面に変換するのには計算コストに優れ、原理的に変換をしても
信号のパワーは保存される離散ウェーブレット変換を用いた。
解析手法の評価のために DFM 波形を TAMA300 DT9 観測データに埋め込んだ結果、TF
クラスタから得られたパラメータによって DFM 波形と雑音が区別できることが分かった。
そして超新星爆発からの重力波に対する検出効率については重力波の
rss(root-sum- square)
√
振幅で 3.4 × 10 − 20[1/ Hz] に対して全波形では 46%、Type 1 波形に関しては 78% で
あった。また、TAMA300 DT9 run142 の約 36 時間のデータを探索することで、天頂入
射 100pc からの重力波に対して、検出効率 50% においてはその検出効率を落とさずに雑
音の誤認率(false alarm rate)を約 1/13 に落とすことに成功したことを確認した。バー
√
スト重力波の全天平均でのイベントレートは 3.4 × 10 − 20[1/ Hz] よりも大きな信号では
1.9 × −2[events/sec] であった。(図 1 および 2) 以上よりこのウェーブレット変換と TF ク
ラスタリングによる手法がバースト重力波探索において有効であることを示した。
これらの結果は、1月の国際会議 GWDAW13 にて発表された。
2. レーザー干渉計将来計画 LCGT(神田)
前年度までにひきつづき、日本の重力波実験の将来計画である LCGT について、計画準備
をおこなっている。 LCGT は、低温サファイア鏡を特徴として、神岡鉱山の地下に 3km
のレーザー干渉計を建設する計画である。LCGT については建設に向けてさまざまな見積も
りやデザインドキュメントが進行中である。
39
,>?!"%&$#&"@",*'7!+,A,$*&)>?>(B*+@"C
)(>'*"%&"@",*
1
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.2
-,*%+"'&&../0112
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B#*"%&'"(")*+$,
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0
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図 1: ウエーブレット+クラスタ選別による偽信号の抑圧
567 +829(1 :,-;(+4 < '!!=+>
'
()*+,(-+.
!"&
'!!=+ ?@AB'
/)4(2 +2,4(2,/ 1(0(4+4,C'!!=+ /9(2/D(
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!"%
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!
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'
)/01( /0/23 2/4( [Hz]
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図 2: バースト重力波に対する ROC(偽信号頻度-検出効率)
今年度は実験装置や計画全体のデザインに残る実装上の問題を解決してゆく検討が多かった。
その一つの話題として、干渉計方式と検出レンジの設定についての議論があった。この問題
は現時点 (2009 年春) ではまだ検討中であるが、Broadband RSE 方式をとるか、Detuned
RSE 方式にするかで、前者は広帯域であるが連星合体の最高検出レンジにやや不利であり、
後者は検出レンジは延びるが他の重力波源に対して不利となる。図 3 にそれぞれの方式での
雑音スペクトル1 と主要な予想重力波の比較を示す。
3. 複数台検出器のコヒーレント検出についての基礎研究(日印交流)(神田)
インド IUCAA (Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics) との研究交流プ
ログラムでの研究である。
この課題は、複数台の検出器を用いた場合の2つの代表的な解析であるコヒーレント法とコ
インシデンス法を比較することであった。2008 年度における共同研究では、コヒーレンス
解析法における ROC(receiver operating characteristics : 検出効率と偽イベント発生率の相
関図)について定量的な見積もりがすすんだ。論文は準備中であり、近日中に投稿予定であ
1
デザイン感度は 2008 年度のもので、その後基線長などの見直しにより、2009 時点では更新されている。
40
-19
Binary inspiral:
1.4-1.4 Msolar, 200Mpc
-20
BH ringdown: Kerr param. a=0.95
2.8 Msolar
100 Msolar
10
10
known pulsars with maximum allowed amplitude
LMXB etc.
Broadband RSE, with 1yr integration
10yr integration
2weeks integration
Detuned RSE, with 1yr integration
10yr integration
2weeks integration
-23
10
-24
10
Stellar core collapse at Galactic Centre
DFM waveforms
-21
10
Strain h
Strain equivalent noise spectrum [1/rHz]
Broadband RSE
Detuned RSE
-22
10
-25
10
-26
10
-23
10
-27
10
-24
10
-28
10
10
100
1000
1
frequency [Hz]
10
100
frequency [Hz]
1000
図 3: LCGT デザイン感度と重力波源
1Gpc
~250Mpc
200Mpc
for binary inspiral
Broardband RSE
Detuned RSE
~165Mpc
100Mpc
NS binary: 1.4 -1.4 Msolar
Detection Range with SNR=10
5Gpc
20Mpc
10Mpc
1
for BH QNM ringdown
Broardband RSE
Detuned RSE
Note: The range is defined
for SNR=10, sources
at optimal direction.
10
100
mass of accompany star [Msolar]
1000
図 4: LCGT の重力波観測レンジ
る。また、次年度 (2009 年度) 以降に、この共同研究を拡張して「重力波のラジオメトリ探
査」へと進める事を準備した。
4. アクシオン探索実験の基礎開発(山岸、神田)
アクシオンは PQ 対称性の破れを解決するために予想される未知の素粒子で、ダークマター
の候補の一つでもある。アクシオン a と物質 Z との相互作用結合定数は大きくないが、強
磁場中でプリマコフ効果をおこして、
γ + Z → Z + a
のように生成されると予想されている。したがって、高いエネルギー密度で位相を測定でき
るレーザー光の共鳴キャビティに、強磁場を印加する事によってアクシオン生成を捉えるこ
とができる可能性がある。
我々は KEK 低温グループとの共同で、重力波実験のレーザー技術を移植してアクシオン探
索実験を始めた。2008 年度は、高フィネスの Fabry=Perot キャビティを組み、透過光の偏
光測定部分を開発中である。
5. 学内重点研究「『アインシュタインの物理』でリンクする研究・教育拠点」
H20 年度から5年間の計画で、上記のテーマで学内重点研究を申請、採択された。この計画
は、近接する物理学の諸分野にまたがるトピックスをとりあげ、学外の物理研究者とも連携
して、分野をリンクした新しい研究を立ち上げることを目的としている。
41
図 5: アクシオン探査実験の光学部分セットアップ (於ける KEK) の様子
2008 年度は、10月に学内外の研究者を募っての研究会、2月に大学院生中心のセミナー
をおこなった。
教育・研究業績
学術論文
1. ”Effect of energy deposited by cosmic-ray particles on interferometric gravitational wave
detectors”,
K. Yamamoto, H. Hayakawa, A. Okada, T. Uchiyama, S. Miyoki, M. Ohashi, K. Kuroda,
N. Kanda, D. Tatsumi, and Y. Tsunesada
Phys. Rev. D 78, (2008), 022004
2. ”Astrophysically motivated time-frequency clustering for burst gravitational wave search:
application to TAMA300 data”
Ryota Honda, Shougo Yamagishi and Nobuyuki Kanda (and the TAMA Collaboration)
Class. Quantum Grav. 25 (2008) 184035 (11pp)
3. ”Search for continuous gravitational waves from PSR J0835-4510 using CLIO data” Tomomi Akutsu, Masaki Ando, Tomiyoshi Haruyama, Nobuyuki Kanda, Kazuaki Kuroda,
Sinji Miyoki, Masatake Ohashi, Yoshio Saito, Nobuaki Sato, Takakazu Shintomi, Toshikazu
Suzuki, Hideyuki Tagoshi, Hirotaka Takahashi, Daisuke Tatsumi, Souichi Telada, Takayuki
Tomaru, Takashi Uchiyama, Akira Yamamoto and Kazuhiro Yamamoto
Class. Quantum Grav. 25 (2008) 184013 (10pp)
学会・研究会講演
1. 神田展行、徳田充 ”Numerical trial of cleaning of gravitational wave foreground from
neutron star binaries in DECIGO”
13nd Gravitational Waves Data Analysis Workshop(重力波データ解析国際会議)
2009 年 1 月 プエルトリコ(米国)
42
2. 神田展行 (招待講演)重力波観測実験の現状と超新星からの重力波探索重力崩壊型超新星
と高エネルギー天文学
2009 年 2 月 2 日 (月)-4 日 (水) 東京大学 小柴ホール
3. 神田展行、徳田充 ”Numerical trial for cleaning of gravitational wave foreground by neutron star binaries in DECIGO”
1st International LISA-DECIGO workshop
2008 年 11 月 相模原
4. 山岸彰伍 「TAMA300 におけるウェーブレットによるバースト重力波の探索方法 II」
日本物理学会
2008 年秋季大会 山形大学
註:上記は登壇者が当研究室のものに限る。
学位論文
修士論文
1. 山岸彰伍”TAMA300 におけるウェーブレットによるバースト重力波の探索方法 (Waveletbased Time-Frequency clustering method to search for gravitational wave bursts in TAMA300
data)”
2. 上地舜”量子ハドロン力学による核物質と高密度天体についての考察と展望 (Perspectives of
high-density astronomical matter in the Quantum Hadrodynamics for nuclear matter)”
研究助成金取得状況
1. 神田展行:日本学術振興会 H20 年度 二国間交流事業共同研究/セミナーによる研究交流
2. 神田展行:学内重点研究 H20 年度「『アインシュタインの物理』でリンクする研究・教育拠点」
海外出張および海外研修
1. 神田展行:米国 プエルトリコ 2009 年 1 月 18 − 24 日、第 13 回重力波データ解析国際会
議 発表・座長
その他
研究会主催
1. 会議名:第1回『アインシュタインの物理』でリンクする研究・教育拠点研究会
期間:2008 年 10 月 10-11 日
参加登録数:約68名(学外者13名) 於: 大阪市立大学
2. 学内重点研究主催: 白馬セミナー 2009 冬期間:2009 年 2 月 21-23 日
海外研究者訪問/招聘
1. Prof. Sanjeev V Dhurandhar (ICUAA, 印) : 学術振興会二国間交流事業共同研究により来
日 2009/3/17-31
43
公開活動
1. 「“ 宇宙 (天文) を学べる大学 ”合同進学説明会」於:大阪市立科学館 2008/6/22
44
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R. Kumar, J. B. Singh, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Evidence for B0 MhiRZ?!)(!c133167!
8%-'9!:1;9!<B:C=d7!?>RR?V!BA??dC
E. Solovieva, R. Chistov, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Study of ji?!)0,!jik?!P)2-.0'!)(!
c133167!8%-'9!b1((9!cS=A7!R!BA??dC
H. –O. Kim, H. Kichimi, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Study of intermediate two-body decays
in B0-bar MliBAV@@C?!+&P)2ZL67!8%-'9!b1((9!cSS>7!Ad=!BA??dC
C. –C. Chiang, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Measurement of B0 MZLZ&ZLZ& decays and
search for B0 Mm?m0”, Phys. Rev. D(R)78, 111102 (2008)
G. Pakhlova, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Observation of a near-threshold enhancement in the
e+e- MniLni&!*2.''!'1*(#.0!+'#0$!#0#(#)3&'()(1!2),#)(#.067!8%-'9!:1;9!b1((9!R?R7!
R=A??R!BA??dC
P. Goldenzweig, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Evidence for neutral B meson decays to oK*0”,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 231801 (2008)
V. Bhardwaj, R. Kumar, J. B. Singh, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Observation of
BgM!(2S)Zg and search for direct CP-violation”, Phys. Rev. D(R)78, 051104 (2008)
R. Mizuk, R. Chistov, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Observation of two resonance-like
structures in the ZLhiR!I)''!,#'(2#P+(#.0!#0!1p*3+'#;1!'?&P)2!M(&ZLhiR!,1*)-'67!8%-'9!
:1;9!<=d7!?=A??V!BA??dC
M. Staric, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Search for a CP asymmetry in Cabibbo-suppressed D0
decays”, Phys. Lett. B670, 190 (2008)
J. Li, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Measurement of the time-dependent CP asymmetries in B0
M!(X?m?q decays”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 251601 (2008)
M. Fujikawa, H. Hayashii, S. Eidelman, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “High-statistics study of
the `MZ&Z?r` decay”, Phys, Rev, D78, 072006 (2008)
S. Uehara, Y. Watanabe, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Hish-statistics measurement of neutral
pion-pair production in two-photon collisions”, Phys. Rev. D(R)78, 052004 (2008)
Y. Liu, K. Trabelsi, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Search for B M!"N!s decays”, Phys. Rev.
D(R)78, 011106 (2008)
R. Seidl, M. Crosse-Perdekamp, A. Ogawa, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Measurement of
azimuthal asymmetries in inclusive production of hadron pairs in e+e- annihilation at Qs = 10.58
GeV”, Phys. Rev. D78, 032011 (2008)
N. Taniguchi, M. Nakao, S. Nishida, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Measurement of branching
fractions, isospin, and CP-violating asymmetries for exclusive b M!,q modes”, Phys. Rev. Lett.
101, 111801 (2008)
46
23. J. –T. Wei, K. –F. Chen, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Search for B !"l+l- decays at Belle”,
Phys. Rev. D(R)78, 011101 (2008)
24. Y. Horii, H. Yamamoto, K. Trabelsi, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Study of the suppressed B
meson decay B- ! DK-, D !!#"$%&!'()*+!,-.+!/0,123&!425645!074431
25. M. Iwabuchi, M. Nakao, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Search for B+ !"8#"4!9-:;)<&!'()*+!
,-.+!=->>+!545&!4?5@45!074431
26. C. Schwanda, P. Urquijo, E. Barberio, A. Limosani, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.:
“Measurement of the moments of the photon energy spectrum in B !#AB! 9-:;)*! ;C9!
9->-DEFC;>FGC!GH!I$:JI!;C9!EJ!;>!K-LL-<&!'()*+!,-.+!=->>+!/23&!4M745@!074431
27. T. Lesiak, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Measurement of masses of the NO07@?P1!;C9!
NO0735P1!J;D)GC*!;C9!GJ*-D.;>FGC!GH!NO076341!!NO07@?P1"<&!'()*+!=->>+!K@@P&!
6!074431
28. L. Widhalm, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Measurement of B(DS !QR)”, Phys, Rev. Lett.
100, 241801 (2008)
29. U. Bitenc, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: „Improved search for D0 mixing using semileptonic
decays at Belle“, Phys. Rev. D77, 112003 (2008)
30. J. –H. Chen, M. –Z. Wang, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Observation of B0 ! pp-bar K*0 with
a large K*0 polarization”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 251801 (2008)
31. Y. Miyazaki, E. Nakano, Y. Teramoto, et al.: “Search for lepton flavor violating S decays into
three leptons”, Phys. Lett. B660, 154 (2008)
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()*+
1. K. Ogawa, H. Ishihara, H. Kozaki and H. Nakano,
“Perturbations of Spacetime around a Stationary Rotating Cosmic String”
Phys. Rev. D 79, 063501 (2009).
2. Y. Kurita, M. Kobayashi, T. Morinari, M. Tsubota and H. Ishihara
“Spacetime analogue of Bose-Einstein condensates: Bogoliubov-de Gennes formulation”
Phys. Rev. A 79, 043616 (2009).
3. S. Tomizawa, H. Ishihara, K. Matsuno and T. Nakagawa,
“Squashed Kerr-Gödel Black Holes - Kaluza-Klein Black Holes with Rotations of Black Hole
and Universe -” Prog. Theor. Phys. 121 (2009) pp. 823-841.
4. K. Matsuno, H. Ishihara, T. Nakagawa and S. Tomizawa
“Rotating Kaluza-Klein Multi-Black Holes with Gödel Parameter”,
Phys. Rev. D 78, 064016 (2008)
5. Sugumi Kanno, Masashi Kimura, Jiro Soda, Shuichiro Yokoyama
"Anisotropic Inflation from Vector Impurity", JCAP08(2008)034.
6. Masashi Kimura
"Analyticity of Event Horizons of Five-Dimensional Multi-Black Holes with Non-Trivial A
symptotic Structure", Phys. Rev. D78: 047504, (2008)
7. T. Koike, H. Kozaki and H. Ishihara
“Strings in five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space with a symmetry”
Phys. Rev. D 77, 125003 (2008)
8. K. Ogawa, H. Ishihara, H. Kozaki, H. Nakano and S. Saito,
“Stationary Rotating Strings as Relativistic Particle Mechanics”,
Phys. Rev. D 78, 023525 (2008).
9. H. Ishihara, M. Kimura, R. A. Konoplya, K. Murata, J. Soda and A. Zhidenko,
“Evolution of perturbations of squashed Kaluza-Klein black holes: escape from instability”
Phys. Rev. D 77, 084019 (2008).
10. C. M. Yoo, H. Ishihara, K. i. Nakao and H. Tagoshi,
“Magnification Probability Distribution Functions of Standard Candles in a Clumpy
Universe”, Prog. Theor. Phys. 120, 961 (2008).
11. Hiromitsu Hamabata,,
58
“Nonlinear hydromgnetic waves in a nonideal magnetohydrodynamicplasma: Exact helically
symmetric solutions”, Physics of Plasmas (to be submitted).
!"#$#$%
1. Y. Takamori, H. Ishihara, M. Kimura, N. Ken-ichi, M. Takahashi and Y. Chul-Moon
“Numerical study of stationary black hole magnetospheres: Toward Blandford-Znajek
mechanism by fast rotating black holes”, AIP Conf. Proc. 1040, 145 (2008)
2. Masashi Kimura, Sugumi Kanno, Jiro Soda, and Shuichiro Yokoyama,
“Anisotropic inflation from vector impurity”, 18th JGRG workshop, Hiroshima University,
7-21 November 2008..
3. Hiroshi Kozaki, Tatsuhiko Koike, and Hideki Ishihara,
“Integrability of strings with a symmetry in the Minkowski spacetime” 18th JGRG workshop,
Hiroshima University, 17-21 November 2008..
4. Shinya Tomizawa, Hideki Ishihara, Ken Matsuno and Toshiharu Nakagawa “Squashed Kerr-Goedel
Black Holes”, 18th JGRG workshop, Hiroshima University 17-21 November 2008..
5. Takahisa Igata, "Killing Tensors and Constants of Motion of a Charged Particle" 18th JGRG
workshop, Hiroshima University, 17-21 November 2008.
!"#$&'
1. Takahisa Igata
“Killing Tensors and Constants of Motion of a Charged Particle”, 18th JGRG workshop, Hiroshima
University.
2. Yosuke Takamori,
“Can the Blandford-Znajek monopole solution extend beyond the inner light surface?”, 18th JGRG
workshop, Hiroshima University.
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()*+
1.
2.
3.
T.Furumoto, Y.Sakuragi, and Y. Yamamoto, “New complex G-matrix interactions derived from two- and
three-body forces and application to proton-nucleus elastic scattering”, Phys. Rev. C 78, 044610-1 –
044610-12 (2008)
T.Furumoto, Y.Sakuragi, and Y. Yamamoto, “Three-body-force effect on nucleus-nucleus elastic
scattering”, Phys. Rev. C 79, 011601-1 (R) -- 011601-4 (R) (2009)
Z. Elekes, Zs. Dombr´adi, T. Aiba, N. Aoi, H. Baba, D. Bemmerer, B. A. Brown, T. Furumoto, Zs.F¨ul¨op,
N. Iwasa, A. Kiss, T. Kobayashi, Y. Kondo, T. Motobayashi, T. Nakabayashi, T. Nannichi, Y. Sakuragi,
H.Sakurai, D. Sohler, M. Takashina, S. Takeuchi, K. Tanaka, Y. Togano, K. Yamada, M. Yamaguchi, and
K. Yoneda,
“Persistent decoupling of valence neutrons toward the dripline: study of 20C by spectroscopy’’,
Phys. Rev. C 79, 011302-1 (R)-- 011302-5 (R) (2009)
ïºðñðñò
1. T. Furumoto, Y. Sakuragi and Y. Yamamoto, “Importance of three-body forces for nucleus-nucleus
scattering”, Proceedings of the International Confererence on the Interfacing Structure and Reactions at the
Centre of the Atom (Kernz08), (1-5 December 2008, Queenstown, New Zealand), in press.
,-./01
1. Y. Sakuragi, T. Furumoto, S. Okamoto, M. Takashuna, “Collective deformation of neutron distributio
63
n in nuclei probed by proton inelastic scattering”, CNS-RIKEN Joint International Symposium on
Frontier of gamma-ray spectroscopy and Perspectives for Nuclear Structure Studies (gamma08) ,RI
KEN, April.3-5 2008, (Invited talk)
2. T. Furumoto, Y. Sakuragi and Y. Yamamoto, “Microscopic optical potentials for nucleon-nucleus (NA) and nucleus-nucleus (A-A) systems - important role of three-body force -”, JUSTIPEN-EFES-H
okudai-UNEDF meeting (July 21-25, 2008, Hokkaido) (Invited talk)
3. T. Furumoto, Y. Sakuragi and Y. Yamamoto, “Importance of three-body forces for nucleus-nucleus s
cattering”, International Confererence on the I nterfacing Structure and Reactions at the Centre of t
he Atom (Kernz08), (1-5 December 2008, Qeenstown, New Zealand) (Oral talk)
4. Y. Sakuragi, T. Furumoto, S. Okamoto, M. Takashina, “Neutron deformation in nuclei probed by pro
ton inelastic scattering” International Confererence on the Interfacing Structure and Reactions at the
Centre of the Atom (Kernz08), (1-5 December 2008, Queenstown, New Zealand) (Contribution)
!"#$%"&'
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