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IAMがaddicted

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IAMがaddicted
英 語
この冊子を受け取ったら、最初にこのページに書かれている注意事項を読んで下さい。
注 意 事 項
1 指示があるまでは、この冊子の中を見てはいけません。
2 試験中にページの不揃いや落丁、印刷不鮮明等に気づいたときは、手を挙げて
申し出て下さい。総ページ数は 9 ページです。
3 解答は、必ず解答用紙の指定の欄に記入し、それ以外(裏面も含む)には何も書
いてはいけません。下書きをする場合は、この冊子の余白を使用して下さい。
4 解答用紙には、受験番号と氏名を記入するのを忘れないように、十分注意して
下さい。
5 途中退場は認めません。また、解答用紙は絶対に持ち出してはいけません。
A27E
英語の問題は,2 ページ以下に記載されています。
—1—
Ⅰ 空欄に最も適する語あるいは語句を 1 ~ 4 の中から一つ選び、その番号を記入し
なさい。
1 Paula could not use the washing machine because it was out of( ).
1 mind
2 course
3 order
4 matter
2 Hello, welcome to our museum. I’m here to answer( )questions you may
have.
1 much
2 few
3 any
4 quite
3 The color of the wall was so loud that Kate’s father had it( )black.
1 painting
2 paint
3 painted
4 to paint
4 George( )what the politician was saying because people were making so
much noise.
1 hardly hear could
2 could hardly hear
3 could hear hardly
4 could hear hard
5 The climate in Hawaii is quite different from( )in Japan.
1 one
2 it
3 another
4 that
6 Exercise helps people to recover from injury( )
.
1 now
2 quickly
3 smooth
4 hurry
7 ( )is the best way to deal with stress?
1 How
2 Who
3 Where
4 What
8 Online shopping is( )faster than any other kind of shopping.
1 growing
2 selling
3 costing
—2—
4 charging
9 My mother always told me that happiness was the( )to life.
1 center
2 key
3 value
4 fun
10 Smoking is the biggest cause of people getting( )and dying early.
1 sick
2 tobacco
3 help
4 hospital
11 The musician is well known( )young people.
1 to
2 for
3 on
4 with
12 Michelle found that she had a( )tire. She needed to find a bicycle shop.
1 steady
2 loud
3 deep
4 flat
13 How is your son( )along at school?
1 studying
2 living
3 getting
4 taking
14 Bruce decided to stay home because he( )reading books alone to going out
with his friends.
1 prefers
2 keeps
3 finishes
4 avoids
15 The first modern Olympic Games took( )in 1896 in Athens, Greece.
1 time
2 place
3 care
—3—
4 part
Ⅱ 次の英文を読み、それぞれの問いに対する答えとして最も適当なものを 1 ~ 4 の
中から一つ選び、その番号を記入しなさい。
In 2010, Michael Moss won a Pulitzer Prize in Journalism, an award for excellent
reporting. Moss is an investigative reporter for The New York Times. In his
bestselling book Salt, Sugar, Fat, Moss writes about how processed-food companies
are taking over the American diet, and how those companies hope that consumers
won’t understand what they are up to. Moss’s book describes the huge social and
health costs of this trend. He tells how processed-food manufacturers add high
amounts of three specific ingredients to their foods: salt, sugar, and fat. Such
processed foods have been known for decades to have little nutritional value, to
cause people to gain weight and develop serious health problems, and perhaps most
alarming, many scientists also believe that people can be addicted to this type of food.
Why is this a problem? Once we eat enough foods that contain lots of salt and
sugar, our taste changes. Regular food does not taste good to us anymore. Some
scientists say that people will eventually become addicted to this type of food,
and they will probably not understand how or why. While it is possible for a food
manufacturer to produce healthier processed foods, it would be more expensive and
not taste as good. Also the company would lose customers—and most important,
profits. One expert expressed his concern: “We’ve become upset by the tobacco
companies advertising to children, but sit idly by while food companies do the same
thing.”
1 Michael Moss is a/an
1 writer for The New York Times.
2 book author.
3 investigative reporter.
4 all of these
—4—
2 If we eat these foods too often, our ____________________ will change and we
will no longer like regular food.
1 tongues
2 tastes
3 bodies
4 health
3 If companies did not create processed foods, they would lose
1 weight.
2 money.
3 nutrition.
—5—
4 understanding.
Ⅲ 次の英文を読み、それぞれの問いに対する答えとして最も適当なものを 1 ~ 4 の
中から一つ選び、その番号を記入しなさい。
In many of the developing countries in Africa and Asia, the population is
increasing fast. The reason for this is simple: Women in these countries have a high
birth rate—from 3.0 to 7.0 children per woman. The majority of these women are
poor, without the food or resources to care for their families. Why do they have so
many children? Why don’t they limit the size of their families? The answer may be
that they often have no choice. There are several reasons for this.
One reason is economic. In a traditional agricultural economy, large families are
helpful. Having more children means having more workers in the fields and someone
to take care of the parents in old age. In an industrial economy, the situation is
different. Many children do not help a family; instead, they are an expense. Thus,
industrialization has generally brought down the birth rate. This was the case in Italy,
which was industrialized quite recently and rapidly. In the early part of the twentieth
century, Italy was a poor, largely agricultural country with a high birth rate. After
World War II, Italy’s economy was rapidly modernized and industrialized. By the end
of the century, the birth rate had dropped to 1.3 children per woman, the world’s
lowest.
However, the economy is not the only important factor that influences birth rate.
Saudi Arabia, for example, does not have an agriculture-based economy, and it has
one of the highest incomes per person in the world. Nevertheless, it also has a very
high birthrate(7.0). Mexico and Indonesia, on the other hand, are poor countries,
with largely agricultural economies, but they have recently reduced their population
growth.
Clearly, other factors are involved. The most important of these is the situation
of women. A high birth rate almost always goes together with lack of education
and low status for women. This would explain the high birth rate of Saudi Arabia.
There, the traditional culture gives women little education or independence and
—6—
few possibilities outside the home. On the other hand, the improved conditions for
women in Mexico, Thailand, and Indonesia explain the decline in birth rates in these
countries. Their governments have taken measures to provide more education and
opportunities for women.
Another key factor in the birth rate is birth control. Women may want to limit
their families but have no way to do so. In countries where governments have made
birth control easily available and inexpensive, birth rates have gone down. This is the
case in Singapore, Sri Lanka, and India, as well as in Indonesia, Thailand, Mexico, and
Brazil. In these countries, women have also been provided with health care and help
in planning their families.
These trends show that an effective program to reduce population growth does
not have to depend on better economic conditions. It can be effective if it aims to
help women and meet their needs. Only then, in fact, does it have any real chance of
success.
1 What is the main idea of the passage?
1 woman in developing countries
2 economic influences on birth rate
3 birth rates in developing countries
4 factors that influence birth rate
2 Why is the birth rate low in Italy?
Because
1 large families are convenient.
2 children are regarded as workers.
3 it is now modernized and industrialized.
4 before World War II, it was an agricultural society.
—7—
3 Why is Saudi Arabia mentioned in the passage?
Because it shows that
1 the most important factor influencing birth rate is the economy.
2 factors other than the economy influence birth rate.
3 women who have a high income usually have few children.
4 the birth rate depends on the income per person.
4 Why is Mexico’s birth rate lower today?
Because
1 women are more educated.
2 it is a poor country.
3 its economy has been improved.
4 the government gives women few opportunities.
5 What can be understood from the passage?
1 In Sri Lanka, the government does little to bring the birth rate down.
2 The family planning campaign cannot be effective without meeting women’s
needs.
3 The economic condition of a country is the least important factor in population
growth.
4 Industrialization and agriculture should go hand in hand.
—8—
Ⅳ 与えられた単語に一語補った上で、日本語とほぼ同じ意味になるように並べ替え
なさい。ただし、文頭に来るべき語も小文字にしてあるので注意しなさい。
1 この薬を飲めば、気分が良くなるでしょう。
will, medicine, feel, make, this, you
2 それらの 2 国間には何らかの誤解があったようだ。
two, have, those, misunderstanding, between, there, some, to, seems, countries
Ⅴ 以下の文章の続きを自由に英語で書きなさい。
I received some good advice the other day.
※ 今年度の入試では、IVおよびVのような形式の問題や英作文問題はありません。
全問、I∼IIIのような記号解答方式の問題です。
—9—
Fly UP